Armenia

Armenia

from

850 €

Day 1: Spain - Yerevan

Day 2: Tour of Yerevan - Matenadaran - Genocide

Day 3: Yerevan - Khor Virap - Bird Cave - Noravank - Yerevan

Day 4: Yerevan - Lake Sevan - Dilijan - Hagpat - Yerevan

Day 5: Yerevan - Echmiatsin - Zvartnots - Museum of History - Fruit market

Day 6: Yerevan - Garni - Geghard - Cognac factory - Vernissage

Day 7: Departure

 

Itinerary day by day:

 

Day 1: Spain - Yerevan (-/-/-)

Departure from Spain. Arrival in Yerevan. Pick up from Zvartnots international airport and transfer to the selected hotel.

 

Day 2: Tour of Yerevan - Matenadaran - Genocide (D/A/-)

Yerevan is the capital of the Republic of Armenia, as well as the largest city in the country. It is one of the oldest homes in the world. It was founded in 782 B.C. and bore the name Erebuni. Here you will find both historical and cultural values that have a secular life. The city tour will give you the opportunity to get to know the two hearts of the city - Republic Square and Opera Square, then go up or down the Waterfall, which today has become an open-air museum, including the Cafesjian Museum of Contemporary Art. The scientific museum of Matenadaran manuscripts is named after Mesrop Mashtots, the scientist who created the Armenian alphabet. Matenadaran is unique for its collection of manuscripts. The museum of Matenadaran as such was founded by Mesrop Mashtots himself in the fifth century, where they studied, created and copied manuscripts. Until reaching Yerevan and continuing its existence in the present building (founded in 1975), Matenadaran had a long pilgrimage, and its secular life was based on Echmiatsin. Today more than 23,000 manuscripts are kept here. "Matenadaran is our identity, our flag, our coat of arms. It is truly our hymn, which plays eternally" - H.Tamrazyan, director of Matenadaran. During the First World War Armenia suffered one of the bloodiest and most painful pages of its history - the Armenian Genocide of 1915. Today, as the 100th anniversary of the genocidal killing of the Armenians of the Ottoman Empire by the government of the "Young Turks" has passed, only 22 countries have recognized that tragedy. In Yerevan, a very special corner for all Armenians, is located the memorial park and museum dedicated to the victims of the Genocide. Every year on April 24, thousands of people visit the memorial to pay tribute to their ancestors.

Overnight at the hotel in Yerevan.

Day 3: Yerevan - Khor Virap - Bird Cave - Noravank - Yerevan (D/A/-)

The monastery of Khor Virap is a famous pilgrimage center that receives visitors from all over the world, due to the legend of St. Gregory the Illuminator, who is the first supreme patriarch of Armenia. History tells us that Gregory the Illuminator was locked up in this monastery for thirteen years. One of the unforgettable impressions of this visit will be what allows you to go down the place, the pit where his cell was. This place is surrounded by vineyards, and rises on the slopes of the imposing Mount Ararat. Another impression that you will carry with you will be the magnificent view and closer to the biblical Mount Ararat, it is the place where Noah's Ark landed after the Universal Flood. The believing people, attracted by the legend and the tradition of the site, carry out the ritual of releasing pigeons, to see if any of them go to Mount Ararat, remembering the history of Noah and his famous ark. Armenia hides its wonders in the heights, often behind a staircase. Armenia's best-kept secret is hidden in the picturesque gorge of the river Arpa, in the canyon of Amaghu, among amazing red rocks and is called Noravank "new monastery". The 13th century monastic complex, with its churches, is the place where you will feel the presence of holy spirit surrounded by a magnificent landscape. The architectural style of the churches will not leave indifferent people who value beauty. In addition, at the entrance of the main church, St. John the Precursor (Surb Karapet) you will see the image of God (Father God and not Jesus) carved on the forehead, which is the only one in all Armenia. The cave of Areni or Cueva de Pájaros (Areni 1) is located on the banks of the river Arpa, at the top of the rock formations, along with the road leading to the monastery of Noaravank. It is a karst cave of three rooms emerged in the rocky limestone formations of the valley of the river Arpa. During archaeological excavations here they found the oldest leather shoe in the world (5500 years), which is now kept in the Museum of Armenian History in Yerevan. The oldest wine cellars in the world (6000 years), which testify to the secular winemaking in Armenia, have also been found here.

Overnight at the hotel in Yerevan.

 

Day 4: Yerevan - Lake Sevan - Dilijan - Hagpat - Yerevan (D/A/-)

It's a piece of blue sky that fell into the mountains. This is how the Russian writer Maximo Gorki described Lake Sevan, which rises more than 1,900 meters above sea level with its pure and fresh waters. It is the largest lake in Armenia. Together with Lake Van and Lake Urmia, Lake Sevan was one of the three largest lakes in the historic kingdom of Armenia, collectively referred to as "The Seas of Armenia". The monastery of Sevan originally contained 3 churches (currently only two churches remain) and was located on one island. The drop in water level in the 20th century turned the island into a peninsula. The monastery was founded in the 9th century. Overcoming the numerous stairs we reach the highest point of the peninsula where the monastery is located. From here you have a spectacular view of the lake. In the northeastern part of the country is the spa town Dilijan, famous for its national park of Dilijan, well known for its forest landscapes, mineral-medicinal water springs, cultural or natural monuments. Described as a "masterpiece of religious architecture and a major centre of learning in the Middle Ages," the Haghpat monastery is a venerable institution of the Armenian Apostolic Church. The monastery has been damaged many times, suffered numerous attacks by armed forces during the centuries of its existence and a great earthquake of 1988. Despite this, the complex is still intact today. Haghpat Monastery was chosen by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1996 because the complex represents the highest flowering of Armenian religious architecture, whose unique style was developed from a mixture of elements of Byzantine ecclesiastical architecture and the traditional Caucasus region.

Overnight at the hotel in Yerevan.

 

Day 5: Echmiatsin - Zvartnots - Museum of History - Fruit market (D/A/-)

The great monastic complex of Echmiatsin, which is now the seat of all apostolic Armenians, consists of several buildings or groups of buildings dating from the 4th-17th centuries. As is known, Armenia was the first country to adopt Christianity as a state religion in 301 AD. Echmiatsin Cathedral is the oldest Christian building in the world. Its first construction dates from 303, but it was rebuilt repeatedly during its secular life. The cathedral has the best examples of Armenian Christian sculpture. Saint Echmiatsin holds three relics: the Sacred Lance, the hand of Saint Gregory and the wood of Noah's Ark.

The church of Santa Hripsime dates back to 618. Although it was, like the Cathedral of San Echmiatsin, restored in the 17th century, retains its original appearance, clear testimony to Armenian architecture. The cathedral of Zvartnots ("heavenly angels" in Armenian) is a circular cathedral in ruins from the 7th century. Zvartnots remained standing until the end of the 10th century and was destroyed by an earthquake. The ruins of this magnificent temple remained buried until its remains were discovered in the early 20th century. Together with Echmiatsin churches and cathedral, Zvartnots was added to the UNESCO World Heritage list in 2000.One of the main buildings of the Republic Square is the Museum of History founded in 1921. The museum's collection covers all Armenian history from the first testimonies about Armenia to the present day. All the wealth of the museum has 4,000,000 objects, making it the largest and most important museum in Armenia.

Overnight at the hotel in Yerevan.

 

Day 6: Garni - Geghard - Cognac Factory - Vernisage (D/A/-)

The monastery of Geghard (4th century) is a unique architectural construction in Armenia, partially excavated in the adjacent mountain, surrounded by cliffs. The name Geghard, or Geghardavank in its entirety, means "the Lance Monastery", which originates from the lance that wounded Jesus in the crucifixion, brought to Armenia by the Apostle Thaddeus and preserved in the monastery. It is currently on display in the Echmiatsin Museum. The spectacular cliffs surrounding the monastery are part of the Azat River Gorge and together with the monastery are included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. The temple of Garni is one of the only pagan constructions preserved in Armenia. The Hellenistic style, the Roman baths, the surrounding landscape and the sound of "duduk" (the apricot flute - a typical Armenian musical instrument) leave the lucky visitor speechless. The pagan temple of Garni dates from the 1st century A.D. It presents a peristyle formed by 24 Ionic columns and the cella, which symbolize the 24 hours of the day. The cognac factory in Yerevan was founded in 1887 and is Armenia's leading producer of alcoholic beverages. Its most popular production is Ararat cognac. The company exports its beverages more to Russia. Among the lovers of legendary Armenian cognac there are countless famous people, including Winston Churchill. He loved the "Dvin" cognac, which we will be able to taste during our visit to the factory.The Armenian craft market Vernissage is located in the centre of the city of Yerevan, a large open-air market, almost 600 metres long. The market offers mainly a collection of different types of traditional Armenian works of art. The Vernissage was formed during the 1980s by Armenian artists who needed to show their works of art. It is a perfect place to buy a souvenir and take it with you.

Overnight at the hotel in Yerevan.

 

Day 7: Departure (-/-/-)

Transfer from hotel to the airport. Departure to Spain.

The price includes:

5 nights stay in Yerevan

1 night stay in Dilijan

Transfers airport-hotel-airport

Meal plan described in the itinerary (only breakfast + 5 lunch)

Armenian bread "lavash" cooking

Visits and excursions indicated in the program with private vehicle

Professional Spanish speaking guide

Inputs according to the program

A bottle of mineral water 0.5l per day p.p.

Map of Armenia and Yerevan

Not included:

Travel insurance

Flights

Other service not mentioned in "Price includes".

 

 

 

 

Information and bookings

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